West Yorkshire Casualty Prevention Partnership

Camera equipment and site

What are the criteria for getting new cameras installed in West Yorkshire?

These have changed over the years but since April 2009 we have been working to the following conditions based on the number of accidents where someone is Killed or Seriously Injured (KSI) and a points system where each KSI accident scores 5 points and slight injury collisions score 1. Fixed camera lengths automatically qualify for mobile enforcement as well and both can be used together.

For General Fixed Cameras
At least 4 collisions causing death or serious injury in the previous 5 complete years prior to commissioning of the site.
And
A score of at least 36 points per km if the speed limit is 40mph or less and 30 points per km if the speed limit is over 40mph.
And
Surveyed traffic speeds showing 1 vehicle in 10 is exceeding the speed limit by 10% plus 2mph outside of peak periods for 40mph limits and below, or by 5mph for limits above 40mph.

 

For Camera Route Systems
For long stretches of road with persistently high collision rates.
Between 5km and 20km long
And
At least 1 KSI collision per km in the previous 3 complete years prior to commissioning of the site.
And
A score of at least 8 points per km if the speed limit is 40mph or less and 6 points per km if the speed limit is over 40mph.
And
Surveyed traffic speeds showing 1 vehicle in 10 is exceeding the speed limit by 10% plus 2mph outside of peak periods for 40mph limits and below, or by 5mph for limits above 40mph.

 

Red Light Cameras
Deter and detect red light running
At least 1 accident causing death or serious injury in the previous 3 complete years prior to commissioning of the site.
And
A score of 10.
And
A history of collisions resulting from red light violations.

 

Temporary Cameras at Road Works
Protecting road workers and users while temporary lane or speed restrictions are in place.
No collision or speed criteria required.

 

Mobile Enforcement
Liveried enforcement vehicles parked in conspicuous locations on signed lengths of road.
At least 1 KSI collision per km in the previous 3 complete years prior to commissioning of the site.
And
A score of at least 11 points per km if the speed limit is 40mph or less and 9 points per km if the speed limit is over 40mph.
And
Surveyed traffic speeds showing 1 vehicle in 10 is exceeding the speed limit by 10% plus 2mph outside of peak periods for 40mph limits and below, or by 5mph for limits above 40mph.

 

How do you know that the equipment is accurate?

First and foremost, all devices used are statutorily Home Office Approved for the purpose. This is a demanding process, first entailing extensive user operational trials on behalf of the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) in different Police Force and Partnership areas. If successfully completed, the submitted equipment is then subject to rigorous scientific examination by the Home Office Scientific Development Branch. There is a requirement for all devices to be recalibrated by or on behalf of the manufacturer. Devices are also recalibrated if substantial work has been carried out making this necessary. Other checking arrangements vary with the type of equipment, checks being carried out as frequently as appropriate. Checks are also carried out on each occasion a fixed camera is loaded or unloaded. Some devices (in particular fixed systems designated as 'automatic operation') have independent secondary check facilities. Others (in particular mobile systems designated as 'attended actively operated') confirm the opinion of a trained operator that the vehicle was exceeding the speed limit.

 

How can I be assured that the mobile speed detection equipment is working within its specified ranges if you don’t hold exact information as to where the mobile vehicle was positioned?

The speed detection equipment is checked for range at the start and end of each day over a fixed calibrated length at the police station. It is immaterial where the vehicle is parked.

 

Can you please provide information on the training the operator has received and their understanding of that training, also can you please confirm that the operator was wearing a full police uniform and highly visibility jackets whilst operating the mobile

All operators are trained by experienced and qualified professionals then tested on their understanding of the processes involved. The operator works from within the confines of a vehicle . These vehicles are fully marked and liveried police vehicles which are highly visible. There is no requirement for the operator to wear any particular garment if they are sat within the confines of a vehicle.

 

Was the vehicle / fixed camera highly-visible in rainy conditions, from 100 meters? Were the vehicle doors open or closed? If it had roof lights what was the major colour seen by an approaching motorist?

Visibility conforms to the conspicuous guidelines set out by the Department of Transport. Note that non-compliance with these guidelines does not provide mitigation of, or defence for an alleged offence.

 

How can you confirm that the vehicle or fixed camera was highly visible and positioned so that oncoming motorists could check their speed?

The Casualty Prevention Partnership work within NPCC guidelines, however these are as stated, guidelines and working outside thee does not give mitigating circumstances or a legal defence to a speeding or red light offence. The vehicles have high visibility "Battenberg" livery with the words police written down both sides, with box brownie camera symbols on all sides of the vehicle. Fixed cameras are covered in a reflective coating or painted yellow, though the appearance of the equipment used has no bearing on the offence. Signing and visibility are checked prior to enforcement commencing or a camera being deployed. The camera signing, visibility and conspicuity guidance has no bearing on the enforcement of offences. Non compliance with this guidance does not provide any mitigation of, or defence for, an alleged offence committed under current UK law. West Yorkshire Casualty Prevention Partnership wherever possible, adhere to the guidelines to be open, honest and transparent, but do have the ability to work overtly or covertly for a policing purpose.

 

Among the Partnership, who actually purchases the automated enforcement systems used in your county? Who determines which manufacturer of enforcement systems is to be used? Who is responsible for the operations of the automated enforcement?

The responsibility falls between local authority highway engineers, the safety camera coordinator, partnership staff and individual camera suppliers.

We do not document approval for enforcement locations as representatives from the West Yorkshire Police and Local Authority attend numerous site visits together prior to going live. This has no bearing on the validity of an alleged offence.

 

Why is the section of road covered by mobile speed cameras rather than other speed detection devices, is it due to collisions scattered along the length of the road, due to the time of day, or period in the year?

Enforcement type is chosen according to road layout, the number of collisions and traffic flow data. Does there have to be a certain number of collisions for enforcement to be legal? The Partnership continues to only enforce at pre-authorised sites, that have been identified as a high risk of collision. This is with reference to collision and traffic flow data, however this is not a legally binding operational requirement for enforcement.

 

Does there have to be a certain number of collisions for enforcement to be legal?

The partnership continues to only enforce at pre-authorised locations that have been identified as a high risk of collision. However, this is not a legally binding operational requirement for enforcement.

 

Is it still legal / why are you still enforcing if there hasn’t been a collision nearby in a long while?

It is still legal. If the collision rate has fallen since enforcement began, this is viewed as a success. If enforcement was ended, we would expect the number of collisions to rise again.

 

Are the road signs legal?

All road signs must conform to Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions 2002. All lengths of road where enforcement is undertaken comply with this when they are set up and are checked before mobile enforcement commences or fixed camera housings are loaded on subsequent occasions. The visibility or omission of a speed enforcement sign does not negate a speed offence. These signs are not mandatory and the only mandatory signs erected on a road are the speed restriction signs.

 

How do I know what the speed limit of the road is, if there are no signs?

All roads are subject to a 30 mph speed limit, unless signs indicate otherwise, if no signs are present where there are a series of three or more street light columns, it is deemed to be 30 mph, until indicated otherwise (as stated in the Highway Code).

 

Has the speed limit been assessed as appropriate?

Yes. Though opinion regarding the safe speed at which a given length of road can be driven is not considered a valid defence in court. If a speed limit has been lowered as a casualty prevention measure but is ignored, enforcement may follow.

 

Do other road safety schemes have to have been tried before enforcement is used?

A Senior highways engineer is involved at an early stage of any new scheme. If it is deemed that an alternative would be a more cost effective solution to an area with a high number of collisions, this would always be used in preference. There would be no reason to spend more money than necessary.

 

Disclaimer

The information given on this website is compiled by West Yorkshire Casualty Prevention Partnership from a variety of sources and every effort is made to ensure it is accurate. However, no liability will be accepted by West Yorkshire Casualty Prevention Partnership or its agents if it isn't./frequently-asked-questions/validity-of-offences